Title VII prohibits discrimination “because of” an employee’s sex. In other words, your sex cannot play a role in any aspect of your employment, including hiring, transfers, promotions, pay, disciplinary action, suspensions, and discharges. In addition to Title VII, a related law, the Equal Pay Act (“EPA”) requires that men and women be given equal pay for equal work.
The Pregnancy Discrimination Act (“PDA”) prohibits discrimination on the basis of pregnancy, childbirth and related medical conditions. Although this does not mean that pregnant women are entitled to special treatment, it does mean that pregnant women must be treated equally to non-pregnant individuals. For example, if your company gives extra leaves of absence to employees with medical conditions, they must extend this practice to pregnant women. The Family and Medical Leave Act (“FMLA”) also gives you certain rights if you need a leave of absence for your pregnancy or for the birth of your child.